A world of raw materials

A world of raw materials

Rose

Botanical Name:
Rosa damascena
Part used:
flower
Rose
Rosa damascena
Rosa damascena is the most widely-used rose in perfumery. It accounts for 90% of the oils and absolutes produced, with Rosa centifolia extracts accounting for the rest. The main Rose producing countries are Turkey, Bulgaria, Iran, Morocco, India and China.
The bushes blossom once a year, from late May to late June. The flowers are harvested by hand and distilled or extracted fresh. One hectare of land can produce 3.5 to 5 tons of flowers, enough to produce about 1 kg of oil. The same quantity of flowers produces 10 times more concrete than oil.
Rose growing operations are concentrated in an area called the Valley of Roses in central Bulgaria, around the city of Kazanlak. Bulgaria is the historical birthplace of rose oil, a product upon which the country enjoyed a monopoly until World War I. Production of the flowers has expanded rapidly since the late nineteen-nineties and has now reached 6,000 tons per year. Our subsidiary Biolandes Bulgarie and the history of Rose growing in Bulgaria can be discovered in our book « Journey to the rose country».

More informations on BIOLANDES in Bulgaria
Turkey remains the number one producer of Rose for perfumery, with about 8,000 tons of flowers harvested per year. The plants are cultivated in some 60 villages in the Isparta region, in the mountains north of Antalya. Roses are planted in family gardens, and due to variations in altitude the harvest season can last seven to eight weeks. The flowers are processed in the factories of a dozen producers, of which Biolandes Gül is one of the largest.
More informations on BIOLANDES in Turkey
The growing operations are located mainly in southern Morocco around El Kelaa M’Gouna, east of Ouarzazate. Rose bushes are used to mark the borders of cultivated plots of land on the banks of the M’Gouna and Dra Rivers. Moroccan Rose usually blossoms in late April. It yields very little essential oil and is mainly used to produce absolute in two factories in the valley, including Biolandes Maroc. More informations on BIOLANDES in Morocco

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