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Nome botânico:
Pelargonium graveolens
Parte utilizada:
Geranium from morocco
The geranium used in perfumery (Pelargonium graveolens) is also called "rose geranium" ("géranium rosat" in French). Its leaves, which have a characteristic rose-like note, are the part of the plant that is distilled.
Originating from South Africa, like many plants of the Pelargonium genus, the Geranium has an interesting history. Its cultivation was extensively developed by the French on Reunion Island in the nineteen-twenties, in reaction to the Bulgarians' adulteration of their rose oils. The perfumers of Grasse wanted their own sources of natural geraniol in order to manage their own rose oil blends.
In the past 20 years, with the decline of Geranium growing in Reunion, the two major producing countries are Egypt and China, with a total harvest of 120 to 150 tons per year.
Other countries, notably including South Africa and Morocco, produce Geranium in limited quantities.
In Morocco, Biolandes continues a tradition of Geranium growing at its Khemisset site, which produced especially abundant crops in the nineteen-sixties and seventies. Today some 20 hectares of non-irrigated fields produce an organic Geranium with a very intense fragrance.
There are two cuttings per year, in the late spring and again in the autumn if the rainfall has been sufficient.

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